Hypnotherapy[ change change source ] Hypnotherapy is when a hypnotist uses hypnosis to help the subject heal emotionally, or to heal a sick mind. Hypnotherapy is hypnosis used for therapy. Hypnosis can also be done by one person acting alone. Then he is acting as both hypnotist and subject.
A Brief History of Hypnosis A Brief History of Hypnosis The use of hypnosis, in its general sense, is found in virtually every culture across the world.
It most likely stretches back into ancient history. For example, hieroglyphics found on Egyptian tombs, believed to be from bc, depict the use of hypnosis in religious rites and surgical procedures. Ancient Greeks were known to have used hypnosis for surgical preparation as well as for hypno-healing.
Hypnosis has also been used by Hindu Fakirs, native medicine men, witch doctors, and shamans. Unfortunately, the pioneers of hypnosis have done little to de-mystify it. Franz Anton Mesmer — was one of the first to offer an explanation of what he was doing other than claiming some mystical powers.
Mesmer believed that an invisible magnetic fluid was to be found throughout nature and within every human body. He claimed that magnets could restore the balance of magnetic fluid and thus cure the sick.
Mesmer chanted and used an eye fixation method to induce a hypnotic trance. Notable physicians and religious authorities denounced Mesmer as a fraud.
This incorrect idea is probably partly responsible for the fear and misunderstanding which surrounds hypnosis to this day. The modern scientific understanding of hypnosis originates with the pioneering work of a Scottish doctor named Dr James Braid Having watched a stage performance of magnetism, he came to the conclusion that it was entirely a hoax.
He categorically rejected any supernatural explanations of trance and grounded the study of hypnosis on a firm empirical and scientific basis.
This is an unfortunate term, as hypnosis is not the same as sleep.
Hypnosis is a specific and unusual form of verbal control that apparently enables one person to control another person’s behavior, thoughts and perceptions. Examples of hypnosis: Under hypnosis, a person can be induced to bark like a dog, act like a baby, or tolerate pierced with needles. The effects of hypnosis are not limited to sensory change; even the subject's memory and awareness of self may be altered by suggestion, and the effects of the suggestions may be extended (posthypnotically) into the subject's subsequent waking activity. While hypnosis can be used to enhance memory, the effects have been dramatically exaggerated in popular media. Research has found that hypnosis does not lead to significant memory enhancement or accuracy, and hypnosis can actually result in false or distorted memories.
Having realised this, he later tried to change the term hypnosis, but unfortunately the term stuck and its use persisted. This was much to the wrath of his fellow doctors.
He used it in over operations and noted it produced insensitivity to pain. His work was widely accepted and even revered in India whilst the British Medical Association stated that it was probably so successful in India because it was likely to be accepted by the masses there, and would be unlikely to work in England.
When Esdaile returned to England he was unable to repeat the successes he achieved in India. He put this down to lack of belief and negative expectation. He was accused of being a charlatan and eventually was discredited and demoralised. They were French doctors who helped to demystify hypnosis and create an understanding of it as a normal state.
They stated that hypnosis was not caused by any mechanical means but by suggestion. This was the first recorded attempt at scientific classification. Charcot was widely recognised throughout the medical world for his expertise in neurology. Since he had a belief in the use of hypnosis, it also became accepted by many doctors.
Doctor Sigmund Freud initially used hypnosis to release the emotions of patients whilst they were in a trance state. Breuer discovered he could address patients directly whilst they were in hypnosis which led to the basis of modern day hypnoanalysis and psychoanalysis.
Freud was unfortunately quite poor at inducing hypnosis and eventually discontinued its use altogether, instead simply using free association in a wide awake state. During the second world war hypnosis was used in some prisoner-of-war hospitals.
They used hypnosis as a substitute for chemical anaesthesia and as a form of pain relief. They were delighted to find that hypnosis worked well and healing took place more rapidly.History and Biographies Theories Phobias Emotions Sleep and Dreaming Student Resources View More What Is Hypnosis?
Hypnosis Applications, Effects, and Myths. By Kendra Cherry the effects have been dramatically exaggerated in popular media. The roots of hypnotism can arguably be traced in many philosophical, religious, or therapeutic traditions in different countries and eras, e.g., Christian mysticism, Oriental meditation, and Western philosophies such as Stoicism and Pythagoreanism.
History III. What exactly is hypnosis? IV. Theories of how it works V. Myths VI. Evidence for its efficacy VII. Virtual reality induced hypnosis VIII.
Self Hypnosis/Practice experiments on the effects of hypnosis and hypnotic analgesia. Developed theoretical model of hypnosis. Hypnosis is a specific and unusual form of verbal control that apparently enables one person to control another person’s behavior, thoughts and perceptions.
Examples of hypnosis: Under hypnosis, a person can be induced to bark like a dog, act like a baby, or tolerate pierced with needles. On the one hand, a history of hypnosis is a bit like a history of breathing. Like breathing, hypnosis is an inherent and universal trait, shared and experienced by all human beings since the dawn of time.
The history of hypnotherapy dates back as far as recorded history. It has been practiced all over the world.
Healers,sharmen,witchdoctors,wise women,tribal doctors,Hindu fakirs, Indian yogi and Persian magi have all practiced forms of hypnotherapy, although it was known under many different names.