An Ideology or the Biggest Threat? The Naxals are considered far-left radical communists, supportive of Maoist political sentiment and ideology.
On 18 Maythe Siliguri Kishan Sabha, of which Jangal was the president, declared their support for the movement initiated by Kanu Sanyal, and their readiness to adopt armed struggle to redistribute land to the landless.
On 24 May, when a police team arrived to arrest the peasant leaders, it was ambushed by a group of tribals led by Jangal Santhal, and a police inspector was killed in a hail of arrows.
This event encouraged many Santhal tribals and other poor people to join the movement and to start attacking local landlords. Mao Zedong provided ideological leadership for the Naxalbari movement, advocating that Indian peasants and lower class tribals overthrow the government of the upper classes by force.
A large number of urban elites were also attracted to the ideology, which spread through Charu Majumdar 's writings, particularly the ' Historic Eight Documents ' which formed the basis Hindi essay on naxalite Naxalite ideology. Leaders like land minister Hare Krishna Konar had been until recently "trumpeting revolutionary rhetoric, suggesting that militant confiscation of land was integral to the party's programme.
A separate offshoot from the beginning was the Maoist Communist Centrewhich evolved out of the Dakshin Desh group. The early s saw the spread of Naxalism to almost every state in India, barring Western India. Byit was estimated that around 30 Naxalite groups were active, with a combined membership of 30, If the government could construct a road, the rebels would have lost; if the rebels could continue thwarting road development, the government would have lost.
Majumdar, to entice more students into his organisation, declared that revolutionary warfare was to take place not only in the rural areas as before, but now everywhere and spontaneously. Thus Majumdar declared an "annihilation line", a dictum that Naxalites should assassinate individual "class enemies" such as landlords, businessmen, university teachers, police officers, politicians of the right and left and others.
The West Bengal police fought back to stop the Naxalites. The house of Somen Mitra, the Congress MLA of Sealdah, was allegedly turned into a torture chamber where Naxals were incarcerated illegally by police and the Congress cadres.
CPI-M cadres were also involved in the "state terror". After suffering losses and facing the public rejection of Majumdar's "annihilation line", the Naxalites alleged human rights violations by the West Bengal police, who responded that the state was effectively fighting a civil war and that democratic pleasantries had no place in a war, especially when the opponent did not fight within the norms of democracy and civility.
In Majumdar was arrested by the police and died in Alipore Jail presumably as a result of torture. His death accelerated the fragmentation of the movement. Operation Green Hunt In JulyIndira Gandhi took advantage of President's rule to mobilise the Indian Army against the Naxalites and launched a colossal combined army and police counter-insurgency operation, termed "Operation Steeplechase," killing hundreds of Naxalites and imprisoning more than 20, suspects and cadres, including senior leaders.
The operation was choreographed in Octoberand Lt. Jacob was enjoined by Govind Narainthe Home Secretary of Indiathat "there should be no publicity and no records" and Jacob's request to receive the orders in writing was also denied by Sam Manekshaw. Importantly, this plan included funding for grass-roots economic development projects in Naxalite-affected areas, as well as increased special police funding for better containment and reduction of Naxalite influence in these areas.
Naxalites launched the most deadly assault in the history of the Naxalite movement by killing 76 security personnel.
Despite the Chhattisgarh ambushes, the most recent central government campaign to contain and reduce the militant Naxalite presence appears to be having some success.
Maoist rebels kidnapped two Italians in the eastern Indian state of Odishathe first time Westerners were abducted there. They killed senior party leader Mahendra Karma and Nand Kumar Patel and his son while in the attack another senior party leader Vidya Charan Shukla was severely wounded and later succumbed to death due to his injuries [ edit ] 11 MarchNaxalites in Chhattisgarh ambushed a security team, killing 15 personnel, 11 of whom were from the CRPF.
A civilian was also killed. Naxalite leader Kappu Devaraj from Andhra Pradesh is included in the list of killed in the incident. At least 37 Naxalites were killed by police in a four-hour gun battle on the border between Maharashtra and Chattisgarh.A Naxal or Naxalite (/ ˈ n ʌ k s ə ˌ l aɪ t /) is a member of any political organisation that claims the legacy of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist), founded in Calcutta in Communist Party of India (Maoist) is the largest existing political group in that lineage today in India.
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The term 'Naxal' derives from the name of the village Naxalbari in West Bengal, where the movement had its origin.
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10 lessons, 1h 20m. Enroll. Previous. Next. 1. Course Overview (in Hindi). A Naxal or Naxalite is a member of the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
The term Naxal derives from the name of the village Naxalbari in West Bengal, where the movement had its origin. Naxalites are considered far-left radical communists, supportive of Maoist political sentiment and ideology Naxalite is a term used to refer to activist who is. Free Essays on The Naxalite Problem Of India.
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